Who is Subhadra Kumari Chauhan?
Subhadra Kumari Chauhan (August 16, 1904 – February 15, 1948) was an Indian poet.
One of his most popular poems is “Jhansi ki Rani” (about the brave queen of Jhansi).
Subhadra Chauhan was born in Nihalpur Village, Prayagraj District, Uttar Pradesh.
She first studied at the Crosthwaite Girls’ School in Allahabad, where she was a senior and friend of Mahadevi Verma and graduated from high school in 1919.
She married Thakur Lakshman Singh Chauhan of Khandwa in 1919 at the age of 16, with whom she had five children.
After her marriage to Thakur Lakshman Singh Chauhan from Khandwa in the same year, she moved to Jubbulpore (now Jabalpur), Central Provinces.
In 1921, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan and her husband joined Mahatma Gandhi’s Non-Cooperation Movement.
She was the first Satyagrahi woman to be arrested in court in Nagpur and was imprisoned twice for her participation in protests against British rule in 1923 and 1942.
He was a member of the State Legislative Assembly (former Central Provinces).
He died in 1948 in a car accident near Seoni, Madhya Pradesh, on the way back from Nagpur.
Then, he goes to the capital of the Central Provinces, to Jabalpur, where he had gone to attend the General Assembly.
Career of the writer
Chauhan was the author of a number of popular works in Hindi poetry.
His most famous composition is Jhansi Ki Rani, an emotionally charged poem describing the life of Rani Lakshmi Bai.
The poem is one of the most widely recited and sung poems in Hindi literature. An emotionally charged account of the life of the Queen of Jhansi (British India) and her involvement in the 1857 Revolution, often taught in Indian schools.
Also, a couplet repeated at the end of each stanza is as follows:
This and his other poems Jallianwala Bagh mein Vasant, Veeron Kaisa Ho Basant, Rakhi Ki Chunauti and Vida openly speak about the freedom movement.
Therefore, they are said to have inspired large numbers of young Indians to get involved in the Indian freedom movement.
Also, Subhadra Kumari Chauhan wrote in a simple and clear style in the Khariboli dialect of Hindi.
In addition to heroic poems, he also wrote poems for children.
Therefore, she wrote a few short stories based on middle-class life.
Works Of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan
Collections of poems
Yeh Kadamb Ka Ped
These anthologies consist some of the well-known poems like “Jhansi ki Raani”, “Veeron Ka Kaisa Ho Basant” and “Yeh Kadamb Ka Ped”.
“Seedhe-Saade Chitra” (1946)
“Bikhare Moti” (1932)
“Mera naya Bachpan” (1946)
“Jhansi ki Rani”
Hingvala (or Hingwala)
The ICGS Subhadra Kumari Chauhan, an Indian Coast Guard ship, was named after the poet.
Then, Government of Madhya Pradesh installed a statue of Subhadra Kumari Chauhan in front of the Jabalpur Municipal Corporation office.
However, on August 6, 1976, India Posts released a stamp commemorating her.
Hence, On August 16, 2021, the search engine Google commemorated Subhadra Kumari’s 117th birthday with a doodle.
Also, Google commented, “Chauhan’s poetry remains a staple of many Indian classrooms as a symbol of historical progress.
She wants future generations to stand up against social injustice and celebrate the words that shaped a nation’s history.”