What is a hair transplant?
Hair transplant before and after: A hair transplant is a medical process in which a plastic surgeon or dermatologist moves hair to a bald area on the head.
Also, the surgeon usually moves the hair from the back or side or top of the head.
However, hair transplants are usually performed under local anaesthesia in a doctor’s office.
Therefore, Pattern baldness is responsible for the majority of hair loss.
Also, that depends on genetics.
Therefore, the remaining cases are due to a variety of factors, including:
- Hormonal imbalance
Are there different types of hair transplants?
There are two types of transplant procedures: cleft grafts and micrografts.
Cleft grafts contain about 4 to 10 hairs per graft.
Micrografts contain about 1 to 2 hairs per graft, depending on the coverage required.
Who can benefit from a hair transplant?
A hair transplant can definitely improve the appearance and your confidence.
Good candidates for a hair transplant are:
- men with hair loss
- Women with very thinning hair
- anyone who has almost lost some hair due to a burn or injury to the scalp
Hair replacement is not a better option for:
- The women with generalized hair loss over the entire scalp.
- People who do not have enough of “donor” hair patches to remove hair for transplantation
- People who form the keloid scars (thick, fibrous scars) after injury or surgery
- People whose hair loss is due to medications such as chemotherapy.
What happens in a hair transplant?
After thoroughly cleaning and scrubbing your scalp, a surgeon uses small needle to numb an area of your head with a local anaesthetic.
Two main and important techniques are used to obtain follicles for transplantation: FUT and FUE.
In follicular unit transplantation (FUT):
A surgeon uses a different scalpel to cut a strip of scalp from the back of the head.
Also, the incision is usually several inches long.
Then, it is closed with stitches.
Next, the surgeon separates the excised portion of the scalp into small sections using a magnifying glass and a sharp scalpel.
After implantation, these sections contribute to the growth of natural-looking hair.
In follicular unit extraction (FUE):
Hair follicles are mostly removed directly from the back of the head through hundreds to thousands of small punch incisions.
Also, the surgeon uses a blade or needle to make small holes in the area of your dry scalp that will receive the hair transplant.
Therefore, they gently place the hair into these holes.
Also, the surgeon can transplant hundreds or even thousands of hairs during a treatment session.
After that, the graft, gauze, or bandages cover the scalp for a few days.
A hair transplant session can last four hours or more.
Therefore, your stitches will be removed about ten days after the operation.
It can take up to three or four sessions to achieve the full head of hair you want.
Therefore, few sessions are spaced several months apart to allow each transplant to heal completely.
What happens after a hair transplant?
Your scalp can be sore, and you may need to take medications after a hair transplant, such as:
- Antibiotics to reduce the risk of infection
- Anti-inflammatory medications to keep swelling down
Most people can go back to work a few days after surgery.
It is usual for the transplanted hair to fall out two to three weeks after the procedure.
Also, this leaves room for new hair growth.
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Therefore, most people will see some new hair growth 8 to 12 months after surgery.
Many doctors prescribe minoxidil (Rogaine) or the hair restorer finasteride (Propecia) to improve hair growth.
Therefore, these medications also help slow or stop future hair loss.