Nutrition in Cancer in which patient faces many nutritional problems during the period of chemotherapy; we must help him solve his issues with food and loss of appetite; here are all the tips and guidelines concerning the nutrition of cancer patients and chemotherapy
Chemotherapy is one of the most general types of cancer treatments in which drugs remain used to kill cancer cells and prevent their spread and reproduction. Cancer chemotherapy is an effective treatment that has saved millions of lives. Drugs used in chemotherapy usually do not differentiate between fast-growing cancer cells and other types of fast-growing cells such as blood cells, skin cells, and stomach lining cells.
feeling tired and generally weak.
– high temperature of 38°c.
Pain – flu-like symptoms, such as muscle pain.
– bleeding gums or nose.
– mouth ulcers may make the patient stop eating or drinking.
– difficulty swallowing and dry mouth.
– constant vomiting.
– changes in the taste and smell.
– hair loss.
It may be stimulating to familiarize to the side effects of chemotherapy, but we should know that they are just temporary effects that will end as soon as the treatment period is over. What concerns us here is nutrition, loss of appetite during chemotherapy, and associated malnutrition problems that may seriously impact the patient’s health, disease development, and treatment.
The topic of healthy eating and the very appropriate options is essential at all stages of cancer treatment, as its importance remains mainly reflected in three axes:
1- maintaining body moisture and muscle tissues and combating dehydration.
2- strengthening immunity and combating some of the side effects you may experience during treatment, such as fatigue and general weakness.
3- get calories, energy, essential nutrients, and fight malnutrition.
1- eating small meals distributed all day and every two hours (6-8 meals per day) instead of three main meals. It will help you cope with nausea and loss of appetite.
2- focus on soft, soft, and easy-to-digest foods. It is always possible to grind and prepare food using a blender, taking into account food safety rules, appropriate temperatures, and hygiene during preparation and presentation. It will help if there are sores in the mouth and an inability to digest food.
3- focus on drinking liquids to prevent dehydration, including soups, juices, and various drinks, such as tea, ginger, or pomegranate juice.
4- to relieve nausea, it is possible to add some foods, tastes, and various smells such as acidic foods, mint or ginger, and other spices and herbs.
5- it is preferable not to drink liquids with meals but to focus on them among themselves in sufficient quantities and keep them nearby to prevent feeling full early and whole when eating with meals.
7- to increase the calories consumed, focus on eating functional starches of potatoes, pasta, rice, bread, etc., add nuts, for example, to a cocktail cup.
8- focus on eating high-calorie snacks at home away from the hospital, relaxed, and your appetite is better.
9- eat slowly with good digestion.
10- eating in a loving atmosphere, such as with friends or in a family setting, will encourage you to eat your meals more.
11- focus on high-nutrient foods and protein and avoid poor or low-protein foods, such as soft drinks.
12- if you are suffering from diarrhea, avoid high-fat foods and pans.
13- In diarrhea, avoid high caffeine drinks and foods and replace milk with soy milk, almonds, or other dairy alternatives.
Additional Tips for Nutrition in Cancer
Avoid eating very hot or icy foods, and eat foods at room temperature.
Try to avoid eating in the kitchen, and stay away from strong smells that may cause you nausea, preferably the patient not to prepare the food himself, and provide him covered and unexposed.
Always try different types and recipes of foods, and take care of diversification and eat what you love.
In a dry mouth, it is possible to chew ice cubes and suck them or eat ice cream; this will help you and improve your feeling. It is possible to eat citrus fruits and juices such as lemons that promote saliva secretion and taste sense.
If you feel a metallic taste and bitterness in the mouth, replacing metal food items with plastic or paper remains recommended.
Stay away from red meat and use its alternatives to white meat, fish, or legumes such as ventilates if you are disturbed by their smell or taste.
Take care of food safety and cleanliness, and always make sure that the food is valid and the completion dates for what you eat.
Supplements can be added and taken in addition to your food, but after consulting the specialist.
Avoid taking daily medications on an empty stomach.
Always try your meal hours before the chemotherapy session.